India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a multi-coloured variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since its Independence. India has become self-sufficient in agricultural production and is now one of the top industrialized countries in the world and one of the few nations to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of the people.
India is big in term of social, economical, cultural, its is very difficult to understand India in short phases, we have tried to list few achievements by Indians, which has been recorded with golden words in history
- Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
- Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).
- The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C.
- The value of “pi” was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians. , “pi” is useful in calculating the area and circumference of a circle.
- Mathematician Aryabhata was the first person to create a symbol for zero and it was through his efforts that mathematical operations like addition and subtraction started using the digit, zero.
- India gave the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols – the decimal system.
- The binary number system was first described by the Vedic scholar Pingala, in his book Chandahśāstra, which is the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody ( the study of poetic metres and verse).
- Jain Guru Mahaviracharya wrote Ganit Sara Sangraha in 850A.D., which is the first textbook on arithmetic in present day form. They have also described fractions, algebraic equations, series, set theory, logarithms and exponents in a very interesting manner
Games & Sports
- Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
- Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
- Chess was invented in India.
- he game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called ‘Mokshapat’. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was pla
- yed with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
- he world’s highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level
- LUDO originated in India by the 6th century. A variant of this game, called Ludo, made its way to England during the British Raj
- the game of kabaddi originated in India during prehistory
- India is the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
- The four religions born in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
- Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
- Islam is India’s and the world’s second largest religion.
- There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world.
- The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world’s largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday
- Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called “the Ancient City” when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
- His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in northern India.
- India happens to have the most number of mosques in the world. Some of the famous ones being Jama Masjid (New Delhi), Mecca Masjid (Hyderabad), Taj-Ul-Masjid (Bhopal), etc.
- Srirangam temple is often listed as the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world. The temple, located in Tamil Nadu, occupies an area of 156 acre
- Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
- Kanad (One of the notable scientists of the ancient India) who is said to have devised the atomic theory centuries before John Dalton was born
- the first seamless celestial globe was made in Kashmir by Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman in the reign of the Emperor Akbar
- The first cataract surgery is said to have been performed by the ancient Indian physician Sushruta, way back in 6th century BCE.
- Wireless Communication was invented in India by Jagdish Chandra Bose
- Jagdish Chandra Bose was the first scientist to discover that plants too are living beings and have similar life cycles and functions like animals.
- The Indian mathematician/astronomer Brahmagupta (c. 598–c. 668) first described gravity as an attractive force, using the term “gurutvākarṣaṇam (गुरुत्वाकर्षणम्)
- Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
- Varahamihira was another well known scientist of the ancient period in India, . He was one of the first scientists to claim that termites (deemak) and plants could be the indicators of the presence of underground water
- Sushruta is considered the “Father of Plastic Surgery.” He practiced plastic surgery in India sometime between 1000 and 800 BC
- Complete name of our Country: Republic of India; Bharat Ganrajya
- India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
- The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.
- The symbol, of Indian Rupee ₹ conceptualised and designed by Udaya Kumar, a post graduate in Design from Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, has been chosen from thousands of concept entries received by the Ministry of Finance through an open competition among resident Indian nationals
- The words Satyameva Jayate derived from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning ‘Truth Alone Triumphs’, are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.
- India has 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue.
- India has its very own floating post office on Dal Lake in Srinagar.
- India Constitution has a set of rules in place that prevents the sale and slaughter of cows. Cows are believed to be holy in Hinduism
- India is the largest milk-producing country in the world.
- Connecting more than 7,172 stations, the Indian Railways is the largest rail network in Asia carrying over 23 million passengers daily in 12,617 trains.
- Diamonds were first recognised and mined in central India, around 5000 years ago
- The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.
- The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
- India’s varied climate zones support about 65,000 animal species, including elephants, pythons, river dolphins and rhinos, and 12,000 types of flowering plants. It is the only country in the world with both lions and tigers. It’s also a bird watcher’s paradise
- About 35 metre taller than the Eiffel Tower, the arch shaped Chenab bridge in Jammu and Kashmir is the world’s tallest rail bridge. It stands at the height of 1178 feet over the river Chenab.
- Tamil Nadu is a state where domestic traveler travels most in India followed by uttar Pradesh
- Charkha (Spinning wheel) was invented in India, between 500 and 1000 CE